1954 and 1961 Statelessness Conventions


A stateless person is someone who is not recognized by any country as a citizen. Several million people globally are effectively trapped in this legal limbo, enjoying only minimal access to national or international legal protection or to such basic rights as health and education. International conventions on statelessness were established in 1954 (Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons) and 1961 (Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness).


Stateless people in Ukraine


After the fall of the Soviet Union not all citizens were recognized. This woman has been waiting for 10 years to receive Ukrainian citizenship.

Stateless person is someone who is not considered as a national by any state (de jure staless), or possible someone who does not enjoy fundamental rights enjoyed by other nationals in their home state (de fact stateless). An estimated 12 million people in the world are stateless.

Stateless in Ukraine. Author: Greg Constantine



Searching for Citizenship

Nationality is a legal bond between a state and an individual, and statelessness refers to the condition of an individual who is not considered as a national by any state. Although stateless people may sometimes also be refugees, the two categories are distinct and both groups are of concern to UNHCR.