In light of the situation in Ukraine, UNHCR is receiving an increasing number of requests for information about the international standards for protection and assistance of internally displaced persons.
Who are Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)
According to the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, internally displaced persons are persons or groups of persons who have been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their homes or places of habitual residence, in particular as a result of or in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights or natural or human-made disasters, and who have not crossed an internationally recognized state border.
International Standards of Assistance to IDPs
In the past, people displaced inside their own countries received limited assistance, or sometimes none at all. The International Committee of the Red Cross - as the guardian of the Geneva Conventions which govern the conduct of war - has been active in this field for many decades. Other agencies and governments began a wider debate in the late 1990s and in 2005 -acknowledging a widespread failure to adequately help internally displaced civilians - they adopted what is intended to be a more coordinated, expansive and "predictable" method of tackling the problem.
In the interests of encouraging both government authorities and civil society to build on international standards in their emergency preparedness, UNHCR has compiled documentation regarding these standards available in Russian and in English.
For more information, visit UNHCR Global website on IDPs (in English).
Ukrainian legal framework on IDPs
The CoM Resolution No 1094, dated 16.12.2015 "On Approval of the Comprehensive National Programme for Support, Social Adaptation and Reintegration of Citizens of Ukraine Internally Displaced from the Temporarily Occupied Territory of Ukraine and Anti-Terrorist Operation Conduct Area to Other Regions of Ukraine for the period until 2017"
the draft Law No 3844 on Amendments to the Tax Code of Ukraine regarding rental of housing by IDPs, registered at the Parliament on 29.01.16
a draft Law No 2167 on Amendments to the Law of Ukraine "On ensuring the rights and freedoms of internally displaced persons" (re compensation for the value of the IDPs damaged property) registered at the Parliament on 13.03.2015
The Cabinet of Ministers Resolution No 595 dated 7 November 2014 on Some issues of financing budget institutions, paying social benefits and providing financial support to individual enterprises and organizations in Donetsk and Luhansk regions
The Cabinet of Ministers Resolution No 541 dated 16 October 2014 On the procedure of termination of entrepreneurial activities and independent professional activities by persons, who migrated from the temporarily occupied territories, upon their decision
The Cabinet of Ministers Resolution No 535 dated 1 October 2014 "On the approval of the Procedure on the use of funds received from individuals and legal entities to provide one-time financial assistance to affected persons and persons from temporarily occupied territory of Ukraine or anti-terrorist operation area"
The Cabinet of Ministers Resolution No 505 dated 1 October 2014 "On providing monthly targeted financial support to internally displaced persons from the temporarily occupied territory of Ukraine and anti-terrorist operation area to cover livelihood, including housing and utilities"
Legal issues related to temporary accommodation and assistance to citizens of Ukraine, who are internally displaced persons, covering accommodation, registration, property issues, social assistance, social assistance, registration of the private business, education and other issues.
UNHCR position on Ukrainian legal framework on IDPs
Press release of 20 October 2014
UNHCR welcomes adoption of the law by Ukrainian Parliament to protect people displaced by conflict
Press release of 15 September 2014
UNHCR encourages swift adoption of legislation to protect internally displaced persons in Ukraine
Government resources for IDPs
Information for IDPs regarding voting (in Ukrainian)
State Migration Service of Ukraine webpage for IDPs (in Ukrainian)